What is pediatric Neurosurgery: Pediatric neurosurgery is a specialty that deals with neurosurgical diseases in children. Neurosurgical problems seen by pediatric neurosurgeons are often quite different from those commonly seen by adult or general neurosurgeons. The unique problems of children are they are born with those deformities or have problems that arise after birth and they cannot describe their problems.
What specific diseases do pediatric neurosurgery include?
Pediatric neurosurgery involves diagnosing, treating, and managing children’s nervous system problems and head and spinal deformities including the following:
- Head deformities like hydrocephalus and craniostenostosis
- Spine deformities like ACM and Diastomyelia
- Problems and injuries of the brain, spine, or nerves
- Gait abnormalities (spasticity)
Functional neurosurgery involves surgical treatment of diseases which have only physiological abnormality with little or no abnormality anatomically. Examples of conditions treated by functional neurosurgery are treatment for Trigeminal neuralgia, intrathecal pump insertion for spasticity and chronic pain, Spinal cord stimulation for intractable parasthesias and severe neuralgic pain. Other diseases are various epilepsy surgeries, DBS for parkinsons disease, Vagal nerve stimulation for epilepsy.